Gary K. Wolfe reviews Mother Go by James Patrick Kelly

Mother Go, James Patrick Kelly; January LaVoy, narrator (Audible, $29.95, 10 hrs., un­abridged, digital download) July 2017.

It’s been more than a decade since James Patrick Kelly’s short novel, Burn, and his new one Mother Go is unusual in that its first publication comes as an audiobook (this review is based on the text version). Kelly is deservedly well respected for his short fiction, and two of the three stories incorpo­rated here (with notable changes) – “Going Deep” and “Plus or Minus” – received multiple award nominations. Those stories introduced us to the saga of Mariska Volochkova, cloned “daughter” of a legendary space explorer, and like those stories the novel is notable for the economy and clarity of its prose and for the assuredness with which it treats and critiques some familiar SF conventions; in fact, with its short chapters and its teenage girl protagonist it could easily work as the sort of YA novel designed to recapture for newer readers some of the wonder of discovering those conven­tions: clones, moon and Mars colonies, massive colonization starships, antimatter drives, the deft introduction of new technologies (“she opened her head,” “I like my food printed, the way God meant it to be”), and, as deep background, a Heechee-like race of long-gone Builders who left behind a wormhole to provide access to worlds millions of light-years away. There’s also a fair amount of terse golden-age rocketboy tech talk – “‘Retropul­sions system engaged’… ‘You’ve got hypersonic aero maneuvering’… ‘Roger that’… ‘Deorbiting.”‘ Those who explore deep space are even called spacers. But if the novel seems partly an homage to classic SF, it manages to avoid the pitfalls of those earlier Heinlein cover bands by introduc­ing a deeply conflicted protagonist in Mariska, whose attitude toward joining a colony ship is anything but enthusiastic, largely because of her testy relationship with her famous clone-mother (“She’s not my mother”, she keeps petulantly reminding people.)

We first meet Mariska in 2159, (essentially the story of “Going Deep”) as she’s awakened in her moon-habitat room by an annoyingly chipper AI, which effectively serves as a parent, along with her adoptive father, Salvatore de la Rosa – who we soon learn has been contracted by Mariska’s mother Natalya to help raise Mariska while she is off being a spacer. Mariska has a reasonable social life and a boyfriend named Jak, whom she fully expects to marry someday, but is haunted by questions of what will happen to her when Sal’s contract runs out, and more importantly why she was born (through an artificial womb) in the first place. It soon becomes apparent that she’s expected to join her mother on the crew of a star­ship – informally called Mother – taking colonists on a one-way expedition to a newly discovered Earthlike planet in the Builders galaxy, 54 mil­lion lightyears distant (“Best ever. Not like Earth, crispy and crowded. Or Mars, cold and dusty”). But Mariska wants nothing to do with her long-absent mom or her projects, though she shares with her the rare ability to enter a state of hibernation without the support of the special nanotech equip­ment that makes it possible for others to travel for years in space. Almost inadvertently, and more or less in a fit of pique, she enters this deep sleep and wakes up three years later – only to meet her mother, discover that Sal and Jak have moved on with their lives, and learn that the colonization project has become a fiercely debated political and economic issue.

Feeling more rootless and alienated than ever, Mariska joins the crew of an asteroid mining ship, and after surviving a tragic accident (basically “Plus or Minus”, by itself another neat critique of Cold Equations-ism) finds herself regarded as a kind of interplanetary hero. On Mars, she meets and eventually falls in love with a genetically altered Martian named Elan, which causes her to rethink her feelings about joining the colony ship, which he plans to join as well. Much of the rest of the novel involves the political manipula­tions and conspiracies that surround the project, and Mariska’s gradually thawing relationship with her “mother” Natalya, as well as with the starship also called Mother (which presumably is the source of the rather odd title). It’s something of a risk for any writer to attempt the point of view of a teenage girl as she grows to adulthood (she’s 26 at the end of the novel, though looks younger because of her years in hibernation), a risk complicated by her being a clone, and complicated further by a series of exotic settings ranging from the moon, to Mars, to a rustbucket asteroid mining ship – none of which are particularly original in conception, but all of which are realized with such offhand narrative confidence that we feel as at home in them as the natives. That’s what classic SF does best, of course, but what sets Mother Go apart is Mariska herself, not always sympathetic but continually compelling, as she tries to find a way to inhabit the worlds she inherits.


Gary K. Wolfe is Emeritus Professor of Humanities at Roosevelt University and a reviewer for Locus magazine since 1991. His reviews have been collected in Soundings (BSFA Award 2006; Hugo nominee), Bearings (Hugo nominee 2011), and Sightings (2011), and his Evaporating Genres: Essays on Fantastic Literature (Wesleyan) received the Locus Award in 2012. Earlier books include The Known and the Unknown: The Iconography of Science Fiction (Eaton Award, 1981), Harlan Ellison: The Edge of Forever (with Ellen Weil, 2002), and David Lindsay (1982). For the Library of America, he edited American Science Fiction: Nine Classic Novels of the 1950s in 2012, with a similar set for the 1960s forthcoming. He has received the Pilgrim Award from the Science Fiction Research Association, the Distinguished Scholarship Award from the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts, and a Special World Fantasy Award for criticism. His 24-lecture series How Great Science Fiction Works appeared from The Great Courses in 2016. He has received six Hugo nominations, two for his reviews collections and four for The Coode Street Podcast, which he has co-hosted with Jonathan Strahan for more than 300 episodes. He lives in Chicago.


This review and more like it in the August 2017 issue of Locus.

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