“Mundane SF is set on Earth or the nearby solar system. It was based on a few simple rules, no time travel, no aliens – it’s total social change. Mundanity is about change. You can’t have all super hyper flying between star systems and not have social change. The reason TV science fiction is so disappointing is that if they followed the advice of their scientific consultants they’d have to reimagine the whole social background, and they’re not willing to do that for a popular audience. So there are still fighter pilots and hierarchical military discipline on Battlestar Galactica.

“Mundane SF may be over as a functional movement, but if you look at the submission guidelines to some journals, they now say, ‘Please don’t make space travel as easy as it is on TV.’ There are two reasons for mundanity. The good-faith argument says, ‘This is supposed to be science fiction; let’s stick to the rules a bit more.’ But the other one was the moral argument, that when the science gets twisted too much, you can end up sending strange messages or creating metaphors with unintended readings. You end up with peculiar moral messages like, ‘It’s OK. We can burn through this planet and then fly off to another one.’ Or Aliens the sequel. Ripley would have signed knowing she’d never be back for her 11-year-old daughter’s birthday. But in this sequel she’s shocked to lose her daughter, and it’s her outraged maternal instinct which drives the story and its subtext, paralleling Ripley with the Alien queen. Feminists are aliens? That was surely not the intention.

‘‘Drama is about change. In science fiction, we have the potential to be the most dramatic popular genre, because we potentially are writing about real social change: about the death of everything you believe in, everything you thought you knew. In my lifetime, there has been a complete change in how people view relationships.”

“The anthology I edited back in 2009, When It Changed, was named after a Joanna Russ story where she used the immensity of space to give a culture time to grow and develop in isolation. There are no infodumps, and the story wasn’t beholden to an ideology. The ending phrase opens the whole story out into a contemplation of time and the certainty of change: For-A-While. This is SF of the highest order, but I can teach it to mainstream students with no sense that they don’t get the SF elements. It’s just a story about a culture at that moment of maximum change, and it’s brilliant. At the time it was published Joanna’s novel We Who Are About To… was made to sound like it was a ‘let’s shoot men’ novel, but it’s trying to get science fiction to look death in the face. Suns die, galaxies die. We’re not immortal as individuals or as a species. At its core, a good deal of this genre is about immortality and individual immortality. Russ’s novel just asked why do we want to be immortal?”

“My big problem with writing new work is that I made the mistake of going into British education, and it’s taking up all my time. I think it’s because you cannot teach people to write unless you put as much into their work as you put into your own. But you really can teach people how to write. I can take undergraduates who have poor prose style, and at the end of year two they have a prose style; at the end of year three, they’re smooth. It’s like bringing the Clarion system into university. The peer-critiquing is where a lot of the learning happens, looking at what each other are doing and learning from them. As simple as that.”

“As SF people, we’re so used to having to defend ourselves, I sometimes wonder if it means we are defensive or overpraise ourselves. I actually think science fiction is a much nicer place for a writer to be than the mainstream, because of that collegiality – that wonderful sense of, ‘Your success is my success.’ But on the other hand, it does sometimes mean that we close ranks and defend ourselves when outsiders have a valid point.”